Positive Behaviour Approaches
This approach supports the development of desirable behaviour by meeting the needs of children through behavioural strategies. Behavioural strategies can include positive reinforcement of desirable behaviour through rewards and verbal praise. It focusses on the holistic needs of a child, taking into account social, emotional, physical and psychological needs.
These are often used in the CAMHS-LD team to manage challenging behaviour in children. Parents need to adapt their approach when managing the behaviour of children with complex needs. We use a range of strategies to help families with communication and enabling children to understand what is going on around them, summarised in this useful leaflet.
These use pictures or photographs to symbolise activities. These facilitate communication which in turn supports emotional wellbeing and reduces challenging behaviour. These can be used with children with a range of difficulties, including those that do not have a learning disability. They are especially helpful for children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder.
Visual Schedules can be simple (2 pictures, now and next) or complex (a schedule of the entire day) to prepare children for what is happening in their activities and daily routine. Pictures are used because visual information is understood and retained better.
Developed by Carol Gray, Social Stories™ are a way to help children understand the world. They are useful to many children with social communication problems, and lead to changes in behaviour. They help to understand social situations better, and give children strategies for behaving in more appropriate ways.